Coronavirus – What you need to know now


Hotlines corona virus

Emergency medical service: 116 117
Health office Dortmund
MO-FR: 7:00 - 18:00 Uhr
Tel: 0231 50-13150
State of north rhine westphalia: 0211 8554774

Explanatory video for children

IDIM: Corona virus – easy as pie

Video: hygiene protects

Frequently Asked Questions

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As with normal flu and other respiratory infections: Cough and sneeze in your elbow, not in your hand. Wash and disinfect your hands regularly and keep a distance from the sick (1-2 meters). Shaking hands should also be avoided.
Since the flu is currently also spreading in Germany, these measures are generally recommended.

It is currently assumed that the incubation period is up to 14 days. According to the WHO, the average is five to six days.

The symptoms are similar to those of common flu: Fever, runny nose, dry cough, sore throat. Later on, some patients experience shortness of breath and pneumonia. In rare cases, sufferers complained of nausea and diarrhea.

Under no circumstances should you go to a family doctor or hospital without first calling - otherwise there is a risk that you will infect other people. There are many immunodeficient people in hospitals in particular.

If you are concerned that you are infected with the virus, please call the hotline of the Health Department first. The staff will tell you what to do.

If the symptoms become more severe in the course, you have a permanently high fever and also suffer from shortness of breath, call the emergency doctor if in doubt.

So far it has been assumed that the infection primarily occurs via the respiratory cycle, i.e. via the respiratory tract. This also means that correct hand hygiene is important: Viruses that get on hands can be transmitted by touching the face. Proper hand hygiene is therefore an important part of the precaution.

Other transmission paths have not yet been finally clarified.

According to the current status, this is very unlikely:
Corona viruses have a relatively low environmental stability, i.e. the viruses do not survive (outside the body) fluctuating environmental conditions.

Immunodeficient people (e.g. chemotherapy patients or people with congenital deficiency) and the elderly. Smokers also have an increased risk.

According to the WHO, pregnant women have no increased risk of developing a serious illness.

Corona viruses have been known since the 1960s and can infect both humans and animals (especially mammals and birds). So Corona is not new - only the strain that is currently spreading is new. The viruses can cause various diseases, from common colds to dangerous or fatal diseases (such as SARS).

So far there is no vaccine.

A further spread should be prevented as much as possible. The incubation period of the virus is 14 days, which is why the state of health must be observed over this period. The social contacts of those affected must be reduced to a minimum.

If you suspect a corona infection, please do not sit in a waiting room or waiting area. If possible, stay at home and call the Corona hotline of the health department. The staff will tell you by phone if your suspicion is justified and you should be tested for the disease. If you are tested, the authorities will provide you with the relevant documents immediately after the smear, which you can use as a certificate of incapacity for work.

Call the Corona hotline of the Dortmund health department. Stay calm, stay at home, drink a lot and cure the disease - just like you would with a flu-like infection.

In the case of worse symptoms, persistently high fever and shortness of breath, you should of course notify the emergency doctor.

No. A mouth guard does not protect you from infections. The best protection is good hand hygiene. Sneeze and cough only in the elbow, not in your hands.

If you already have an infection, mouth and nose protection can help protect your fellow human beings from infection. However, the protection loses its effectiveness when moistened.

The incubation period of the disease is five to six days, in some cases up to two weeks. Quarantine does not mean that the data subjects have turned out to be emergencies. They are just infectious. The quarantine is primarily intended to slow down the spread of the virus.

Source: Robert-Koch-Institut



Corona questionnaire from the University Hospital Gießen & Marburg